Please be noted: All manuscripts will be checked by the CrossCheck to avoid plagiarism.
1. read the Aims & Scope to get an overview whether your manuscript is suitable for this journal;
2. use the Microsoft Word template to prepare your manuscript;
3. ensure that all authors have approved the content of the manuscript.
Types of Manuscripts
- Original research manuscripts: These should describe new and carefully confirmed findings, and experimental procedures should be given in details for others to verify the work. Research papers should not exceed 6000 words (excluding refs.)
- Short Communications: A Short Communication is suitable for recording the results of complete small investigations or giving details of new models or hypotheses, and innovative techniques. Short Communications should not exceed 3000 words (including refs).
- Reviews: These provide precise updates on the latest progress made in an area of research. Review papers should not exceed 10,000 words (excluding refs.)
- Letters to the Editor:
The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper. Title should be less than 25 words.
Authors’ names and Affiliations:
Authors’ full names and affiliations should be written clearly. The name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and E-mail information. Please note that the addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.
The Abstract should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic and experiments, and point out key findings. The Abstract should be less than 250 words. No literature should be cited.
Please provide 3-6 keywords.
A list of non-standard Abbreviations should be added. Usually, non-standard abbreviations should be applied only when the full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text.
Graphical Abstract (Optional):
Authors must provide images that clearly display the work described in the article. Graphical Abstract must be submitted as a separate file.Graphical Abstract should be a one-image and should visualize one process or make one point clear.
The Introduction should explain a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution.
Materials and Methods:
It should be complete enough to allow experiments to be understandable. However, only new procedures should be explained in detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and vital modifications of published procedures should be described briefly.
Results and Discussion:
Results should be represented with clarity. The results should be written in the past tense when specifying findings in the authors’ experiments. The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic.
The main conclusions of the study may be represented in this section, which may stand alone.
The Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.
Conflict of Interest Statement:
Authors have to declare any conflict of interest. If there is no conflict of interest, please state “The authors declare no conflict of interest.”
In the text, a reference identified by means of an author‘s name should be followed by the date of the reference in parentheses.
References should be listed at the end of the paper in alphabetical.
Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes.
Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.
Your manuscript should not contain any information that has already been published. If you put published figures or tables, please gain the necessary permission from the copyright holder to publish under the CC-BY license.
We publish manuscripts for FREE of CHARGE.